Developments in Surface Coating Technology

Developments in Surface Coating Technology

Manufacturing Technology Insights | Thursday, May 12, 2022

Technological breakthroughs create new supply chains of materials, processes, and technologies that must be developed to take advantage of the advances made in science and engineering.

FREMONT, CA: Advances in science and technology both solve problems and create new ones; for every technological breakthrough, a new supply chain of materials, processes, and technologies are required to exploit it.

Materials science and engineering, and surface coatings, in particular, play a crucial role in commercializing laboratory discoveries. They make feasible what was previously impossible or impracticable, for instance, by applying surface coatings to light metals to make them resistant to highly corrosive and high-știinștiinștiinștiin environmentsștiinștiinștiiștiin.știiștii. Additionally, coatings expedite the creation and adoption of innovative technology.

Here are some trends that will come to dominate materials and surface coatings development:

 Pandemic preparedness and response

Despite early warnings from earlier regional pandemics such as SARS, Ebola, and MERS, the coronavirus crisis of 2020 revealed how inadequately prepared the majority of the globe was to respond to a worldwide pandemic. However, it also demonstrated what a genuinely inventive, collaborative, resilient, and resourceful species humanity could be when confronted with global threats.

Examples of pandemic-driven innovation included converting existing supply chains and infrastructure from manufacturing diggers to manufacturing ventilators and creating a dozen world-class vaccinations in a tenth of the average time. The Manufacturer has created a database of many enterprises that shifted their core activities into production, directly helping the pandemic response. The current problem is to prepare for the next epidemic, which is unquestionably imminent.

There is a vast array of pandemic-combating strategies now under development. The European Commission alone finances more than a dozen digital health programs targeting pandemics, such as innovative air purification systems, diagnostic tests, and telemedicine platforms.

Nanomaterials and nanostructures

How materials behave as waves and particles at nanoscales, 1-100 nanometers, underpins the prospects given by nanotechnologies (there are 1 million nanometres in a millimeter). In terms of materials science, nanoparticles have a significant surface area relative to their volume. This means that more nanomaterial is in contact with the surrounding materials, resulting in increased reactivity.

There are nanomaterials applications currently under research or slated for release in 2021 that sound like science fiction if they were not so close to commercialization. They involve nanoparticles as carriers for dental repair solutions, allowing teeth to self-heal. A similar strategy could be utilized to facilitate the osseointegration of medical implants.

Researchers from the United States and Israel have identified a means to construct 3D superconducting nanostructures from DNA, superconducting niobium, and silicon. The DNA origami technique has potential in medical and geophysical sensors and quantum computing.

And by incorporating nanoparticles of titanium dioxide, which are small supercatalysts, into plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) surface coatings, photocatalytic activities can be imparted to the surfaces of light metals, hence imparting antimicrobial qualities.

The rise of the intelligent factory to accelerate production rates

By 2025, smart factories will be the primary competitive element in manufacturing. According to research conducted by Deloitte, 86 percent of US manufacturers believe intelligent factories "will be the primary driver of competition," and 83 percent "feel smart factories will revolutionize the way products are manufactured."

The smart factory is the result of genuine digital transformation and will incorporate the internet of things (IoT), Industry 4.0, artificial intelligence and machine learning, big data, analytics, and the cloud, as well as supply chain ecosystems with shared platforms and additive manufacturing.

Manufacturing speeds have three bottlenecks at the level of process engineering: process limits, system constraints, and coordination restrictions. In addition to the IT above solutions, manufacturers are implementing cobots to help and accelerate the human or system component of the manufacturing process.

And additive manufacturing has finally reached maturity. For instance, surface coatings enable a considerably greater range of additively built lightweight metal components, accelerating the production of complicated parts for businesses such as the medical, dental, and aerospace sectors.

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