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More industries are using nanotechnology in their regular activities due to increased research dedicated to the advancement of nanomaterials.
FREMONT, CA: Nanotechnology is the manipulation of matter at the atomic and molecular levels. Its formations are ranging in size from one to 100 nanometers. To put it in context, comparing a nanometer to a meter is equivalent to comparing the size of a marble to the size of the earth.
Engineers can make nanomaterial in one of two processes. The first is to use the top-down method, which involves carving nanomaterial out of something larger. This is the most popular approach, and it's how computer chips and other typical products are made. Another method is the bottom-up strategy, which involves constructing a structure at the molecular level with one atom at a time. This technique is still in its early stages of development, and it is time-consuming and complicated.
Significant improvements in nanotechnology have resulted from extensive research and development, some of which potentially change manufacturing processes. The discovery of what can be accomplished using the bottom-up approach has sparked interest in developing molecular components that can self-assemble into a given structure without any external interaction. Three examples, in particular, provide solid indications of how manufacturing will evolve in the future.
When nanosized carbon particles are spread inside the garment's original fibers, they form a nanofiber coating. The use of nanoparticles in coatings has resulted in significant advancements in safety apparel and is becoming increasingly popular for bio textiles. The clothing is liquid repellent, stain-resistant, and even antibacterial due to carbon nanofibers as a textile composite. This protective gear can be used to safeguard workers in dangerous areas in the manufacturing industry.
Polymer nanotechnology incorporates distributing nanoparticles into an existing polymer matrix to produce adhesives, sealants, coatings, potting and encapsulating compounds, sealants, coatings, and potting and encapsulating compounds. Thermal stability, water and chemical resistance, better tensile strength, and even flame resistance may be developed by integrating nanoparticle fillers into these applications.
The use of nanotechnology in the production of lubricants has opened up the door to different manufacturing solutions. Nanoparticles can be employed in places where lubricants are traditionally used to minimize friction between two objects. These nanoparticles roll between the two surfaces act like tiny ball bearings, lowering the risk of heat, wear, and oil failure.