Important Manufacturing Technologies for Aerospace

Important Manufacturing Technologies for Aerospace

Manufacturing Technology Insights | Friday, May 06, 2022

Aerospace is a broad sector encompassing the atmosphere and outer space; it is a complex industry with several commercial, industrial, and military applications.

FREMONT, CA: Aerospace and defense industries rely heavily on advanced manufacturing. Aerospace manufacturing technologies are progressing steadily toward future automation and output. Aerospace provides unique challenges for traditional manufacturers, including environmental constraints and extensive use.

The aerospace industry demands components and materials that are lightweight, durable, and dependable, necessitating modern manufacturing. The following are four essential technologies utilized in the manufacture of aircraft.

Additive Manufacturing

The aerospace industry is transforming due to additive manufacturing, or 3D printing. Others follow suit, with NASA and other government organizations funding additive manufacturing efforts. Numerous advantages exist for 3D printing in airplanes. Additive manufacturing provides more efficient design, material reinforcement, and weight reduction. Commercial airlines rely on additive manufacturing to circumvent supply chain restrictions and space limits in their warehouses.

Along with practical ground-level aerospace applications, additive printing enables the creation of new concepts. The Perseverance rover comprises 11 3D-printed components, including the MOXIE oxygen production system on Mars.

Robotics

Robotics is another crucial component of aerospace manufacturing. Robots are critical in this industry because they ensure consistency in quality across the shop floor and perform non-destructive ultrasonic testing and metrology checks. Robots facilitate the actual lifting and transportation of aircraft structures due to their precision.

Laser Welding

Laser beam welding generates a focused heat beam, enabling rapid and precise deep welds. This is crucial since laser welding reduces weight and improves corrosion resistance significantly. Laser welding has grown into a versatile and vibrant manufacturing solution by reducing the number of seals and simplifying designs.

Composite Materials

The aerospace industry relies heavily on high-performance composite materials. Advanced polymers and tailored additives are usually required to enhance aerostructures' strength, flexibility, and temperature resistance. Due to their ability to be instantaneously printed and molded, composite materials and additive manufacturing frequently coexist in aviation manufacturing processes. Another critical target in this sector is weight reduction, which cannot be accomplished without composite materials.

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