Farming has been a high risk, labor-intensive, low reward industry. Farmers are very likely to be impacted by unexpected environmental changes, economic downturns, and many other factors. But farming is witnessing many technological transformations in the last few years. The technology-driven advancements especially Internet of Things (IoT) is empowering farmers to deal with these enormous challenges they face.
There are many ways to refer to modern farming. The application of technology in agriculture is referred to as AgriTech. They mostly denote the applications of IoT solutions in agriculture. Smart agriculture IoT is not as popular as consumer connected devices but the market for these applications is dynamic. As the market still in a flux of developing business opportunities are also high. Building IoT products for farming can pave the way to success.
IoT Use Cases In Agriculture
There are various types of IoT sensors and applications for agriculture in general.
• Monitoring climate conditions: The most popular smart agriculture gadget is weather station combined with smart farming sensors. They collect various information from the environment and send it to the cloud by locating them across the field. The analyzes information can map climate conditions, choose appropriate crops, and precision farming.
• Greenhouse automation: Automated greenhouse systems can adjust the condition to match the given parameters. The smart sprinklers controller that allows managing the irrigation and lighting systems remotely is an example.
• Crop management: Just like weather stations crop management devices are placed in the field to collect data specific to farming that is, temperature and precipitation to leaf water potential and overall crop health. Any anomaly can be effectively prevented.
• End-to-end farm management systems: The farm productivity management systems include a number of agriculture IoT devices and sensors with analytical capabilities and in-built reporting and accounting features. They offer remote farm monitoring capability which allows streamlining most of the agricultural operations.
• Agricultural drones: They offer crop health imaging and integrated GIS mapping. The real-time data collection and processing of the drone technology gives a high tech makeover to the industry.
Benefits of Smart Farming
• Tracking of performance and efficiency
• Better control over processes with low production risks
• Cost management and waste reduction
• Increased operational efficiency through automation
• Enhanced product quality and volume
• Optimize costs and labor usage
Thus the use of IoT agricultural devices is making it possible for farmers to collect meaningful data for smart farming.