What Role Do Advanced Materials Play in Key EU Developments

What Role Do Advanced Materials Play in Key EU Developments

Laura Davis, Manufacturing Technology Insights | Thursday, February 18, 2021

The essential contributions of advanced materials solve technological challenges in a far wider sense to benefit citizens' wellbeing and for a long-term vision for a sustainable new economy.

FREMONT, CA: The European platform for Advanced Materials (EUMAT) is the pioneering forum to contribute to the debate about the vital role of advanced materials and technologies in critical materials domains. EUMAT is known as the Materials Technology Platform and partner of the EU Commission. EUMAT is driven and handles by active members from academia, research, and industry. EUMAT's significant outputs are the Materials Strategic Research Agenda; the technical exchange and co-operation between members, Working Groups' initiatives highlighting hurdles and topics for new calls, and proposing new project concepts; and publications, statements, and position papers on advanced materials.

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Hydrophilic gels often called ''hydrogel,'' are 3D networks that can absorb large quantities of fluids (both water and biological) due to their hydrophilic structure. As an outcome, hydrogels are commonly leveraged for biomedical purposes. At the same time, however, with synthetic polymer-powered hydrogels, the hydrogel structure can be managed. This includes factors like its swelling ability, stability, and biodegradability. They are regularly used in carriers/matrices for tissue engineering cells, delivering vehicles for both drugs and biomolecules, and self-healing materials.

Advanced materials are at the core of daily life, and they ensure the functioning, durability, safety, and environmental compatibility of the devices, machinery, and services. The so-called traditional materials have undergone radical developments in recent decades, like new composites, smart coatings, biomimetic materials, and light alloys to mitigate weight and CO2 emissions. Sustainability, circularity, mitigated volume and mass, reuse, and rechannelling of leveraged materials are vital principles in these developments. New developments in materials allow technologies in the digital world.

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EUMAT is working on materials development to improve renewable energy generation efficiency and storage and developing light materials to mitigate energy consumption. Nanomaterials and functionally graded materials have a vital role in increasing the strength to weight ratio of components to reduce CO2 emissions. Friction reduction is the key element for enhanced energy efficiency. Results offered by the low friction powertrain demonstrated that engine friction losses provide a reduction potential of 30 percent.

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